First we will begin by learning the days of the week and how we describe our daily weather--which is how we begin each class.
Next we will look at the list of 60 common Spanish Verbs. We will learn some good methods to study these. These will be important as you learn to speak Spanish.
Then we will go over some helping phrases that you can use with the common verbs and begin to speak Spanish right away.
Next we will learn 4 Essential Questions that you can use right away to communicate with others. These are conversational questions so you can get to know others and tell others about yourself.
Days of the Week in Spanish
Note that the days of the week are not capitalized in Spanish. Also, in Latin countries calendars start with Monday and end with Sunday instead of the way we do it in the United Startes starting with Sunday and ending with Saturday.
lunes -- Monday
martes -- Tuesday
miércoles -- Wednesday
jueves -- Thursday
viernes -- Friday
sábado -- Saturday
domingo -- Sunday
Days of the Week Song
This song is to the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.
lunes, martes, miércoles, tres
jueves, viernes, sábado, seis
domingo es el siete, pues
empezamos otra vez
Daily Weather Information
These are phrases to use when asking about the weather or describing the weather.
¿Qué tiempo hace? -- What is the weather like?
Hace sol --it's sunny
Hace calor -- it's hot
Hace frío -- it's cold
Llueve -- it's raining
Nieva -- it's snowing
Hace viento -- it's windy
Está nublado -- it's cloudy
How to study the 60 Common Spanish Verbs
I have included a list of 60 Common Spanish Verbs. It is on another page of this blog. These are important to know for every day conversation.
I would like to suggest some methods for learning these. The first method is put them on flashcards. I usually get 3 X 5 cards and cut them in half or you can find them in stores that way sometimes. Put the Spanish word on one side and the English word on the other side. Put them in such a way that it is easy to flip them over and see the translation. It is good to study in groups of 5 or 6 words at a time and make sure you know all 5 before you go to the next group. Words you have learned well can be reviewed once a day but the words you are learning should be reviewed 3 or 4 times a day.
Another good idea is to put the verbs into a notebook along with any new vocabulary you are learning. When you put the vocabulary into the notebook fold the page in the middle and put the Spanish word on the left side of the page and the English word on the side that is folded. Then when you study you can concentrate on the Spanish word and have the English where you don't see it but you can flip over to make sure you have it right. Once again it is good to study 5 or 6 words at a time so leave a blank line between groups.
Helping Phrases in Spanish
Here are some helping phrases that can help you get started speaking Spanish. These phrases are in the first person so you're talking about yourself. These verbs in these phrases have been changed or conjugated to the first person. When you add another verb right after the first verb you don't have to conjugate it. It stays in the infinitive form which means it keeps the endings of "ar," "er," and "ir." Therefore you can add any verb from the list of 60 and form a sentence of what you want or need to do, etc. For example add "comer" to "Quiero"--"Quiero comer" which means, "I want to eat." "Necesito comer" means "I need to eat." Note that "Me gustaría comer" means "I would like to eat." Also, "Acabo de comer" means "I just ate."
1. Quiero---I want to….
2. Necesito---I need to….
3. Tengo que----I have to….
4. Voy a----I am going to…..
5. Me gusta---I like to….
6. Me gustaría---I would like to….
7. Acabo de ---I just…..
Essential Questions 1-4
We are going to learn the first 4 Essential Questions. If you are in class I will have cards for you to fill out but if you miss a class you can make your own card. On the cards you should put what the card is about on one side and then the information to learn on the other. For example: on one side you put "nombre" and on the other side you put--"¿Cómo se llama?" etc. Note: I have the questions in "formal" and "familiar." Formal shows respect to be used with persons who are older or to show respect. Familiar is used for those who are the same age or younger or for members of your family.
Go to the Essential Questions Page of this blog to get the information for the cards. Once you have the cards done and you practice on your own--then try to find a Spanish speaker to practice the questions. Ha! Yeah find a Mexican Restaurant where the waiter staff speaks Spanish or look for someone at the first desk in the YMCA who speaks Spanish. You need to practice and use these questions.