Welcome to Lesson 2
Sing with me
lunes, martes, miércoles, tres
jueves, viernes, sábado, seis
domingo es el siete, pues
empezamos otra vez
¿Qué día es hoy?
Hoy es martes.
¿Qué tiempo hace?
We will begin class today talking about numbers and how they are used. You need to be familiar with numbers because you will need them for people's ages, prices, number of people in a family, addresses--the list is endless. Fortunately, if you know 1-100 that is what is used the most.
Next we will learn how to tell time and say the date--both of which use numbers.
Then we will study pronouns in Spanish and learn the verb "to be" in Spanish along with some characteristic words so we can describe ourselves and others. The verb "to be" can also be used to tell our origin.
How to count to 20 in Spanish
0 - cero 11 - once
1 - uno 12 - doce
2 - dos 13 - trece
3 - tres 14 - catorce
4 - cuatro 15 - quince
5 - cinco 16 - dieciséis
6 - seis 17 - diecisiete
7 - siete 18 - dieciocho
8 - ocho 19 - diecinueve
9 - nueve 20 - veinte
10 - diez
Twenties in Spanish
Numbers in Spanish from 21 to 29 Formula: veinti + number from 1 to 9 (no space in between)
21 - veintiuno 22 - veintidós 23 - veintitrés
24 - veinticuatro 25 - veinticinco 26 - veintiséis
27 - veintisiete 28 - veintiocho 29 - veintinueve
The multiples of 10 – Numbers in Spanish 10 – 100
10 - diez 20 - veinte 30 - treinta 40 - cuarenta
50 - cincuenta 60 - sesenta 70 - setenta 80 - ochenta
90 - noventa 100 - cien/ciento
Numbers in Spanish from 31 to 99
Formula: a multiple of 10 + y + a number from 1 to 9 (Note y = and)
For example: 32 - treinta y dos 41 - cuarenta y uno
56 - cincuenta y seis 99 - noventa y nueve
Telling Time in Spanish
¿Qué hora es? --What time is it?
Es la una---it’s one o’clock (use "es" when talking about one o'clock)
Son las dos--it’s two o’clock (use "son" when talking all other times)
Use “y” to add minutos--Son las tres y veinte--it’s 3:20 (y means and)
Use “menos” to subtract minutos--Son las tres menos veinte--it’s 2:40 (exact translation "3 o'clock minus 20 minutes")
Use “para” to say minutos until the hour--Son las veinte para las tres--it’s 2:40 (exact translation "it's 20 minutes until 3")
Cuarto is 15 minutos--Son las tres y cuarto--it’s 3:15
Media is 30 minutos--Son las tres y media--it's 3:30
If you want to ask what time something is happening, the question is"
¿A qué hora es la clase?--What time is the class?
To answer you use " a la" for the time related to one o'clock and "a las" relating to the other times.
Examples: La clase es a la una y cuarto.-The class is at 1:15.
La clase es a las tres y media. -The class is at 3:30.
To talk about dates
When talking about dates you usually use "el" in front of number of the date and the number comes before the month. The months are not capitalized.
Examples: Hoy es el diecinueve de mayo - Today is May 19th.
El primero de enero es mi cumpleaños - January 1st is my birthday.
Spanish Pronouns and the verb Ser
Now we wil learn pronouns--I, you, he, she, we, and they in Spanish. Along with that we will learn the Spanish verb Ser--which means "to be." In English this is "I am," "you are," "he is," etc. The best way to do this is by showing them on a chart.
Pronouns and Ser Chart
(1) yo soy--I am (4) nosotros/as somos--we are
(2) tú eres --you are (familiar) (5)vosotros sois-- you all are (familiar)
(3) usted es--you are (formal) (6)ustedes son --you all are (formal)
él es --he is ellos son--they are
ella es--she is ellas son --they are
On this blog I am not able to draw a line down the middle but there should be one. So everything on the left 1, 2, and 3 are singular and everything on the right 4, 5, 6 are plural. 1 and 4 are first person--I and we--which includes you in both. 2 and 5 are second person--so is "usted" and "ustedes" which is on numbers 3 and 6 --these translate to "you" and "you all". The terms "usted" and "ustedes" should be included with 2 and 5 but the verb changes like the third person so they are included there. 3 and 6 are third person--talking about others.
Spanish uses masculine and feminine endings. Masculine endings usually end in "o" and feminine endings usually end in "a." Of course he-"él" is not regular but she-"ella" is regular. Ellos can mean a group of males or a mix of males and females. Ellas would mean that the group is all females.
Ser means "to be" or "I am," "you are" etc. So we use "ser" with characteristics to describe others--appearance, personality, etc.
Examples: Yo soy alto. -- I am tall.
Tú eres inteligente. -- You are intelligent.
We also use "ser" to tell our place of origin. Use the word "de" (from)with "ser" to state your place of origin.
Examples: Yo soy de Seattle. -- I am from Seattle.
Ellos son de California. -- They are from California.
There is a new Essential Question(see the Essential Questions page on this blog)--Question #5--It is about describing yourself and others. To find some describing words check the Vocablary Page for Vocabulary for Lesson 2.
Check out the links page-especially for the link to Quizlet for the Y Spanish Club. This is a good way to study Vocabulary.